Estates in Reversion

Estate in Reversion explained by recognized legal scholars

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De Donis

The statute De Donis had a great deal to do with the formation of the characteristic doctrine of the land law and this is indeed so. But an account of the narrower effect of the statute must precede any discussion of its wider implications. It has been noted how maritagia and other forms of conditional fee could be alienated once the condition was satisfied, and how this right of alienation clearly defeated the intention of donors of such gifts. This state of the law provoked strong protest in 1258, in the Petition of the Barons

It is clearly the alienability of maritagia which is the cause of complaint, and the statute De Donis Conditionalibus in 12852 is directed solely at the prevention of alienation by holders of conditional fees, though it is not confined to the particular case which the barons mention.

Tenant for Life

Tenant for term of life is, where a man letteth lands and tenements to another for term of the lif of the lessee, or for a term of life of another man. In this case the lesee is tenant for term of life. But by common speach he holdeth for term of his own life, is called tenant for term of another mans life (tenant pur terme d'auter vie)

Commentaries upon Littleton sec 56


Where there is a manor parcel in demesne and parcel in services, which services are parcel of the same manor not incedent to any reversion, and where they are inident to the reversion.


Releases are in divers manners,viz. releases of all the right which man hath in lands and tenements, and releses of actions personal and real, and other things. Releases of all the right which men have in lands and tenements, are commonly made in this form, or of this effect

Commentaries upon Littleton sec 56


Remitter is an ancient term in the law, and is where a man hath two title to lands or tenements. One a more ancient title, and another a more later title; and if he come to the land by a later title, yet the law will adjudge him in by force of the elder title, because the elder title is more sure and more worthie title. and then when a man adjudged in by force of his elder title, this is said a remitter in him, for that the law doth admit him to be in the land by the leder and surer title. As if tenent in tail discontinue the tail, and after he disseiseth his discontinuee, and so deith siesed,whereby the tenements descend to his issue or cosine inheritable by force of tail; in this case this is to him to whom the tenements descend,who hath right by force of the tail a remitter to the tail, which is his elder title: for if he shouild be in force of the tail, which then he discontinue might have a write of entrie sur disseisin in the per against him, and should recover the tenements and his damage. Buy inasmuch as he is in his remitter by for of the tail, the title and interst of the discontinuee is quite taken away and defeated.


It is commonly said, that there be three warranties, scilicet,warranty lineal, earranty collateral, and warranty that commence by disseissin. And it is to be understood that before the statute of Gloucester all warranties which decend to (B) them which are heirs to those who made warranties, where barres to the same heirs to demend and lands or tenements against the warranties, except the warranties which commence by disseisin; for such warranty was no barre to the heir, for that the warranty commenced by wrong,viz. by disseisin.


A Deed of confirmation. A confirmation is conveyed of an estate or right IN ESSE, whereby a viodable estate is made sure and unvoidable, or whereby a particular estate is increased.

Commentaries upon Littleton sec 515

Continual Claim

Continual claim is where a man hath a right and title to enter into any lands or tenements whereof another is siesed in fee, or in fee tail, if he which hath title to enter makes continuall claim to the land or tenements before they dying siesed of him which holdeth the tenements, then albeit that such tenant dieth thereof seised, and the lands or tenemants descend to his heir, yet may he who hath made such continual clam, or his heir, enter into the lands and tenemanets so descended, by reason of the continual claim made, notwithstanding the discent. as in the case that a man be disseissed, and the disseissee makes continual claim to the tenements in the life of the disseissor, although that he is disseissor deith siesed in fee, and the land descend to his heir, notwithstanding the discent.

Commentaries upon Littleton sec 414
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