mb crestThe Lieutenant Governor is the representative of Her Majesty The Queen of Canada in the Province of Manitoba, and as such, takes precedence over everyone in the province except the Sovereign. The Lieutenant Governor personifies the Crown, which is both the apex and the unifying link in the constitutional and political structure of the province – executive, legislative and judicial. All legislation must receive Royal Assent before it becomes law. It must therefore be signed by the Lieutenant Governor. All Orders-In-Council and official proclamations are also signed by the Lieutenant Governor in the name of The Queen.

Role & Responsibilities

The Office of Lieutenant Governor dates back to the creation of Manitoba in 1870 as the fifth province of Canada and the first western province. Before 1870, authority in this territory was shared by Indigenous bands and the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Constitutional Role

Lieutenant Governor’s Position in our System of Government

Hon. Janice Filmon mb lt govCanada has a parliamentary form of government, with a constitutional monarchy. It’s based on the British parliamentary model, but has been adapted to suit our own needs. Canada’s Constitution recognizes The Queen as our Head of State, representing the totality of the sovereign powers of the country, which includes both the federal and provincial governments.

The Lieutenant Governor holds the highest office in the province, representing The Queen as Head of State in Manitoba. It is a clearly different role from that of the Premier, who is the Head of Government and the leader of the party with the most support in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba.

The Crown symbolizes the unity of the people and helps maintain our distinctiveness as Canadians. The U.S. has a republican form of government, quite unlike our parliamentary system.

The Crown is above party politics and it gives citizens a non-partisan focus for their loyalty to the province. As The Queen’s representative, Her Honour acts on behalf of Manitoba as a whole in the Vice-Regal role, rather than those who voted for the party in power at any given point in time.
What does the Lieutenant Governor Do?

As the guardian of responsible government in Manitoba, the Lieutenant Governor facilitates the smooth functioning of the Constitution and ensures that the democratic will of Manitobans and their elected representatives is respected.

The Lieutenant Governor’s primary responsibility is to ensure that a duly constituted government is always in place in Manitoba.

After an election, the Lieutenant Governor determines which political party enjoys the confidence of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, appoints its leader as Premier and officiates at the swearing-in of Ministers invited to form the government. The Lieutenant Governor also accepts the resignation of an outgoing Premier and ensures that the unwritten constitutional conventions of responsible government are respected where a government loses the support of the Assembly or is defeated in an election.

Other responsibilities include summoning the Assembly to meet, reading the Speech from the Throne outlining the government’s legislative agenda, giving assent to bills passed by the Assembly so they can become law, dissolving the Assembly, issuing writs for an election and signing decisions of Cabinet (Orders in Council) for them to take effect.

All government actions are taken in the name of the Crown and the Lieutenant Governor formally holds the executive powers on behalf of the Crown. The Lieutenant Governor invariably acts on the advice of Ministers but retains the right to be consulted, to encourage and to warn. The Ministers are responsible to the Assembly and, through it, to the people. That’s why we call it responsible government.


The Municipal Affairs Administration Act MANITOBA


In this Act,

"minister" means the member of the Executive Council charged by the Lieutenant Governor in Council with the administration of this Act; (« ministre »)

"municipality" means any locality the inhabitants of which are incorporated and continued under the authority of The Municipal Act, The Local Government Districts Act or any other Act of the Legislature and includes a rural municipality, an incorporated city, town or village, and a local government district.

The Limitation of Actions Act, CCSM c L150

Express trust right accrues against purchaser on conveyance

51(1)       Where any property is vested in a trustee upon any express trust, the right of the cestui que trust, or any person claiming through him, to bring an action against the trustee or any person claiming through him to recover the property, shall be deemed to have first accrued at and not before the time at which it was conveyed to a purchaser for a valuable consideration, and shall then be deemed to have accrued only as against such purchaser and any person claiming through him.

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